Resources in this section cover two aspects of philanthropy – issues related to the institution of philanthropy, particularly in the U.S., and ways in which philanthropy has sought to increase racial equity in some of the areas in which philanthropies work. Racial equity issues at the institution level include understanding philanthropies as institutions of privilege, strategies and examples to interrupt and transform that privilege, and the positive and negative results of those efforts, where available. In terms of areas of work, the resources look at some of the thinking behind major initiatives created by philanthropy explicitly to work on reducing racial inequities or promote racial equity or healing, plus results to date, where known and available. This section also notes resources that link both issues (institutional and areas of work), such as Flipping the Script: White Privilege and Community Building, which describes how white privilege helps define the ways in which philanthropies create interventions, engage with others and evaluate work they fund, and ways things might be different. Also, Philanthropic Initiative for Racial Equity’s and Grantcraft’s publication Grantmaking with a Racial Equity Lens, provides practical strategies on how to use a racial equity lens to develop new programs, understand community issues, and analyze problems, as does Catalytic Change: Lessons Learned from the Racial Justice Grantmaking Assessment.

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